Kuchi: the Afghan pastoralists
The nomadic Kuchi are the largest vulnerable population in Afghanistan. For centuries they roamed the country with their large herds, offering an important source of meat, wool and skins to the Afghan population. However, since the 1960s the Kuchi population has shrunk by 40% due to continued wars and droughts. Many Kuchi lost their herds, and gave up their nomadic life to live on the outskirts of the cities. Presently, the pastoralist Kuchi comprise only 8 – 10% of the population, but still own half of all small ruminants in Afghanistan.