Import and distribution
The bazaars in Afghanistan offer a lively market-place for amongst other things trade in pharmaceuticals. Due to quality medicines and vaccines being expensive, livestock owners tend to buy their veterinary pharmaceuticals at the bazaar. However, many of the vaccines and medicines sold there are counterfeit, expired or stored improperly. As a result, they are not effective, and do not give the expected protection or cure. Ensuring the availability of quality vaccines and medicines has always been one of DCA’s main aims. From the start of the veterinary programme in 1988, DCA imported quality vaccines from abroad. At the same time, the Afghanistan Veterinary Association took care of the importation of quality medicines. DCA distributed these pharmaceuticals to the VFU staff for treating the local livestock. In the beginning, vaccinations and treatments were subsidised. The farmers therefore could see themselves the effects of the pharmaceuticals for free. Once the livestock owners experienced that the vaccines and medicines really worked, they were readily prepared to pay for them.